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Vivalytic

Fully informed: the glossary for molecular laboratory diagnostics

The most important terms at a glance

Glossary

Cq value

The cq value indicates the PCR cycle in which the fluorescence signal exceeds a minimum signal threshold.

DNA

The Deoxyribonucleic acid is the material carrier of the hereditary, genetic information in all living things and DNA viruses.

DNA amplification

The DNA amplification is one of the five steps that run automatically in the Vivalytic Analyser when testing a sample. Specific gene sequences are multiplicated by means of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

DNA extraction

The DNA extraction is one of the five steps that run automatically in the Vivalytic Analyser when testing a sample. A specialized filtering process is used to separate the nucleic acid from interfering cell components and inhibitors and to concentrate it for the polymerase chain reaction.

Genome

The genome represents all material carriers of the genetic information of a cell or virus particle.

Lysis

Lysis is cell disruption, during which the membrane of cells is destroyed.

Microarray

This is a chip technology for detecting DNA.

Multiplex test

A multiplex test enables the simultaneous detection of several pathogens.

Nucleocapsid

The nucleocapsid is a component made up of the viral envelope and the nucleic acid (DNA/RNA).

PCR test

PCR stands for polymerase chain reaction. This method allows DNA sequences to be replicated. It is the standard method for identifying viruses in a sample.

Real-time PCR

This is a PCR (polymerase chain reaction) in which the replication of the DNA sequence can be observed in real time.

RNA

Ribonucleic acid is the material carrier of genetic information in RNA viruses and the information carrier for the translation of genetic information into proteins as mRNA (messenger RNA).

Singleplex test

A singleplex test enables the detection of one pathogen.